IT IS KNOWN AS THE LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT, AND IT IS A PROCESS THAT HELPS US IMPROVE THE ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF WHAT WE PRODUCE. HERE ARE THE LATEST DEVELOPMENTS.
How does one assess the interactions and impacts that a product or process have on the environment, taking into account the entire life cycle? The answer is the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) process, a methodology for evaluating how each individual components of a product has weighed and will weigh on the environment, from the time the composing materials are extracted or processed, until the product will end up in a landfill or will be recycled. This is possible thanks to specific indicators, such as the Global Warming Potential and Eco-toxicity categories, which make it possible to assess the environmental impact across different matrices. The overall impact (environmental, economic, social) to the component life cycle emerges from the integration of the LCA results with the technical and economic feasibility study.